Brickyard Creek HandbookPolicies and Guidelines for Living at Brickyard Creek
Policies and Guidelines for Living at Brickyard Creek
Dog Policy in the Shared Picnic and Beach Area
- All dogs must be actively engaged with the owner or leashed at all times.
- All dogs must be under control of the owner or owner designee at all times.
- Be respectful of others right to use the picnic and beach area without their personal space or property disrupted.
- Insuring that your dog does not violate the activities of others may require moving to another location in the area or leaving if necessary.
- Owners will minimize nuisances such as continuous barking.
- Owners must pick-up and remove all dog waste.
- Owners are subject tot he penalties and protocol for violation of Brickyard Creek Common Expectations.
- Enforcement of this policy is the responsibility of the Board of Directors. Anyone observing a dog policy violation is requested to write a detailed account of the incident to the BYC Manager.
Common Use and Planting in the Brickyard Creek Boreal Forest
Overview: The boreal forests of the Bayfield peninsula are very unique. The boreal forest along Brickyard Creek where we have chosen to build our cabins is the result of thousands of years of community building among the native trees and plants that have come to make their homes here long ago in northernmost Wisconsin along the shores of Lake Superior. As an extension of the most southern range of the Canadian boreal forest, this native forest community has been developed through the interplay of mutually beneficial species of trees, plants, animal, insects and microorganisms in response to particular soil and climate conditions. The Bayfield County boreal forest follows the clay soils of the original larger glacial lake and the Lake Superior microclimate. These native plant community members have come to depend upon each other for a strategic balance and on a process keeping the forest healthy and free of invasive non-native plants.
By building our homes in this forest, we have become participants in the interaction and management of this forest community. To do so is to work together as stewards in nurturing the healthy life of the forest, watershed and lake environment. To do otherwise, is to disrupt the native forest community’s harmony and serve to stress its integrity and survival.
Each BYC owner has been attracted to these special native qualities in building their own homes in the boreal forest. By becoming a member of BYC community each owner has accepted an essential covenant, an agreement to sustain the health and integrity of the boreal forest and its watershed as being not just “on the land” but “of the land” in holding this forest community in common.
Although each of us own only our cabin and its “footprint”, with the rest of the forest held in common, the association has recognized since its formation that individual cottage owners might have the desire to manage the appearance of their common-ground sites around their cabins. The following consists of approved guidelines and resources originally compiled by the Forest and Watershed Committee and approved by the Board of Directors in 2002 with further updates and approval by the Board of Directors in May 2010.
Transplanting: Please do not dig up wildflowers, shrubs or trees from the woods nor the common grounds. Many wildflowers, shrubs and trees do not transplant well and you could seriously disrupt or destroy them by digging. Let’s leave them where they are for everyone to enjoy. This includes the picking of flower bouquets.
Planting and Landscaping: Any improvements or changes that you want to make to the common ground area around your cabin must maintain the natural and native makeup and appearance of our boreal forest environment and must be approved by the committee. Please submit a sketch and narrative of your plans by email or mail to the contact person on the Forest and Watershed Committee, Dale Klubertanz. Use only native plants and trees for landscaping; this document has an approved reference list of native flowers, shrubs and trees. In addition to this list, please feel free to contact individuals (Note: see list in the following pages) with the expertise to advise you on the enhancement of your common ground area. In recent years, the Forest and Watershed Committee has established an on-going relationship with environmental experts who provide on-site consultation. These resource people include Sara Bolles of Northern Native Plantscapes and the interns of the Sigurd Olson Environmental Institute (SOEI) at Northland College.
The members of the Forest and Watershed Committee are also available to help you with any of your questions.
Forest and Watershed Committee Members
Jeff and Joyce Austin, John Daly (firstname.lastname@example.org), Bob Davidson, Dale Klubertanz (Chair;
email@example.com), Connie McCullough, Deede Smith*, Merrie Stolpestad*, Karen Wiersum
BYC as a Residential and Environmental Community
Brickyard Creek was created as a residential cabin community with an underlying vision that it would be built and maintained with lowest impact on the forest, creek and lake environment and sustained through a practice of protection and restoration of the native plant communities and the Brickyard Creek watershed. The community strives to sustain this combination of residential and environmental character in the light of human activities and commercial features such as providing opportunities to renters and timesharing. It also endeavors to manage, protect and restore the native forest, watershed and lake resources it enjoys.
The members of the Brickyard Creek Association and the Brickyard Creek Development Group have worked to ensure this vision through active involvement in education programming, environmental practices coupled with community and policy development. It has been determined that Brickyard Creek will be managed as a “native plant” community and that the community will work to minimize the environmental impact of residential community and the various impacts of the rental activities. For these purposes, the following resources have been provided for native plant and trees along with a group of policies and rules.
Non-Plant Items Suitable for Use
- Rocks: Sandstone, Granite, Basalt
- Tree stumps and branches
- Wood Chips and rock walkways
The roads, cabin sites and traffic provide opportunities for lots of invasive species to take root at Brickyard Creek. These roads and sites are disturbances in the boreal forest and because the wind and our vehicles bring in exotic species to these disturbed areas, invasive species will continue to find their way into the forest and roadsides. The most aggressive species will likely take over as there are no natural means such as fires to check them. The roads and sites will continue to provide sun light and access to these species and encourage their growth.
The best way to manage invasive species is to learn how to identify them from native species, to know their growing habits and to learn safe and effective ways to combat them. Plants such as Burdock can be managed by knowing that they are biennials and can be eradicated by digging them up and are effectively controlled by clipping them off at the flowering stage so they do not reproduce before each plant dies on it’s own.
The use of chemicals requires attention to safety for people, creatures and the environment. The brand name “Round-up” or its active ingredient “Glyphosate” requires a knowledge of safeguards and proper use to ensure effectiveness and to avoid harming yourself, others or wildlife. A video created by BYC and SOEI is available from the Forest and Watershed Committee, which illustrates the safe use of Glyphosate.
Native Trees and Plants
Plant only trees and plants that belong to the Wisconsin boreal forest plant community. Plants that are most native to this ecosystem (ecotypes) will naturally do well and find a balance in relationship to the other native plants and to the growing conditions relative to soil, moisture, temperature and light that exists at BYC. Planting non-native plants or hybrids (exotics) and cultivars can threaten the other native plants and trees or place the non-native plant at risk by setting it in plant community to which it does not belong or growing conditions that are incompatible. Non-natives can also become aggressive and invade the forest community without natural checks and balances. Plants do best if they are purchased locally or in similar climates so they are hearty and suitable to the climate.
A full list of native plants that make up the boreal forests of Bayfield County can be found on line at http://www.botany.wisc.edu/wisflora/ , then “search” by Habitat . On the page listing Habitat Descriptions, pull down the menu to “boreal forest” and search again and it will take you to a page with the list of plants from this plant community. You can also “browse” by common name on the first page and then check to see if the species fits into the boreal forest community.
The following is a partial list of many native plants that grow well in BYC. The best way to introduce wildflowers is to buy plants from local native plant nurseries (Note: see list in the following pages). Growing plants from seed is difficult and slow.NATIVE FLOWERS
FLOWERS: SHADE AND SEMI-SHADE
- Ferns – Lady, Sensitive, Maidenhair, Oak – wet
- Trillium – white – spring – tolerate wet soil
- Aster – Many varieties of Aster –heart leaved, large leaved, flat topped, purple stemmed
- Cardinal Flower – red – late summer – roots should be very wet
- Bloodroot – white – spring
- Jacob’s Ladder – blue – spring
- Virginia Bluebells – blue – summer
- Woodland Phlox – pale lavender – spring
- Dutchman’s Breeches – white – spring
- Swamp Buttercups – bright yellow – summer – wet – aggressive
- Solomon’s Seal – spring – white
- Wild Geranium – pink – spring – dry
- Bunchberry – red berries – ground cover
- Columbine – red and yellow – spring – deciduous woods
- Thimbleberry – tall – edible fruit
- Wood Anemone – small & delicate – white – spring – dry shade
- Jack in the Pulpit – spring
- Wild Ginger – ground cover
- Blue Flag Iris – wet – purple summer
- Touch Me-Not – orange seed pods in fall
- Marsh Marigold – yellow – spring – wet shade
- Hepatica – dry shade – blue – spring
- Tall Bellflower – blue – summer – wet shade
- Blue Cohosh – yellow – spring – blue berries – wet deciduous woods – tall
- Clintonia – yellow flower followed by blue berry – poisonous
FLOWERS: FULL SUN
- Wild Lupine – purple – summer – dry soil even sand (what you see along the roads is not wild)
- Fireweed – magenta – summer – aggressive – dry
- Yarrow – white – summer – tolerate dry soil
- Black Eyed Susan – tolerate very dry soil – yellow with black center – summer to fall
- Columbine – red & yellow – spring
- Aster – Lots of varieties of Asters, especially Big Leaf Aster
- Pearly Everlasting – white – summer – nice dried flowers
- Coneflowers – several varieties – white, yellow, purple, green – summer – tall
- Canada Anemone – white – wet meadows – spring & summer
- Joe Pye Weed – pink – summer – wet – tall
- Thimbleweed – white – dry – summer
- Monarda – purple – summer
- Blue Vervain – blue – spring – tall – tolerates wet soil
- Milkweed – attracts butterflies
- Chokeberry – need moist soil (not glossy black chokeberry)
- Red Twig Dogwood – good winter color – wet or medium wet soil
- Grey Dogwood – wet
- Viburnum – “Arrowwood” or “Nannyberry” – good fall color – berries
- Canada Yew – low spreading evergreen
- Bush Honeysuckle – spring flowers
- Winterberry – wet
SHRUBS: EDGE OF WOODS OR FULL SUN
- All shade shrubs
- Wild blackberry and raspberry
- Sumac – red berries – good fall color
- Wild roses – various varieties
- Elderberry – edible fruit – spring white flower
- American Hazelnut
- Blueberries – sandy soil
“A society grows great when old men/women plant trees
whose shade they know they shall never see.”
TREES: NATIVE TO THE BOREAL FOREST
- Balsam Fir (Dominant)
- Canada Plum
- White Spruce (Dominant)
- Mountain Ash
- White Pine
- White (Paper) Birch
- Mountain Maple
- White Cedar
- Tag Alder
- Eastern Hemlock
- Red Oak
- Big Leaf Poplar
- Red Maple
- Balsam Poplar
- Sugar Maple
- Red Pine
- Yellow Birch
- Trembling Aspen
TREES: SOME COMMON TREES NOT NATIVE TO THE BOREAL FOREST (NOT INCLUSIVE)
- Colorodo Blue Spruce
- Australian & Scotch Pine
- Norway & Black Hills Spruce
- Willow Trees
- Douglas Fir (California)
- Crab Apple & Fruit Trees
- Japanese Whitespire Birch
- Honeylocust Trees
- Fraser Fir
Dale Klubertanz – BYC neighbor & chair of the Forest and Watershed Committee
Dale can provide resources for native plant material and assist you with native plant ideas and design. He is licensed to purchase trees at wholesale and can help residents select, order and plant trees near you cabin.
Consultation and Planting
Northern Native Plantscapes in Cable, WI
Sarah can provide design and planting services for native landscapes.
Sarah Boles | (715) 794-2548 | firstname.lastname@example.org
Sigurd Olson Environmental Institute (SOEI) at Northland College
Students can work with residents to design and plant native plants.
Mike Gardner | (715) 682-1481 | email@example.com
Native Plants and Wildflowers
Greenhouse featuring native plants for woodlands
Becky Brown | (715) 373-0214
Michelle Rundeen | (715) 563-0323
Great Lakes Nursery Co.
Hazardous Trees Policy
The Brickyard Creek Communities have been subdivided by condominium plats under Wisconsin Statutes. This means that each cottage Owner owns his/her cottage structure and the ground underlying the footprint of the cottage. The Condominium Association owns all of the remaining land in the condominium plat, which is designated “Common Property.” Each BYC cottage owner has an undivided interest in the Common Property by virtue of owning a cottage in the condominium. The purpose of the Hazardous Tree Policy is to clarify the responsibilities of the BYC Owner and to define the steps from assessment to removal of hazardous trees in the Common Property.
Definition of a Hazardous Tree
Although the definition of a hazardous tree is subjective by nature, a hazardous tree can be defined as a tree that is (i) dead or diseased and (ii) poses an immediate hazard or threat to a cottage, people, vehicles in their designated parking places, roads and nature trails in the Common Property.
An Owner of a cottage does not have the right to build structures or change the character of Common Property without the consent of the BYC Architectural Control Committee and the BYC Forest and Watershed Committee. This includes the cutting or pruning of trees and the planting of or removal of other vegetation in the Common Property.
Assessment to Removal
It is the responsibility of the cottage owner to periodically inspect trees adjacent to his/her cottage to make a preliminary decision whether they constitute a hazard to their property or person. Once a decision has been made, the owner should tag the tree with a red ribbon and notify the BYC Manager of the existence of the hazardous tree. Such notification shall be by telephone, email or mail, depending upon the urgency of the situation. The BYC Manager will in turn notify the arborist and the chairperson of the Forest and Watershed Committee of the concern and pending action. It shall then be the responsibility of the BYC Manager to have the tree assessed by the arborist who will determine if it creates a hazard, and if so, cause the tree to be cut and removed in a prompt manner or suggest alternative action(s) to save the tree. (In those rare occasions where the threat of damage or injury is imminent in the judgment of the Owner, the Owner may cause the tree to be removed by contacting the association’s identified arborist directly for a remedy.)
The Forest and Watershed Committee in collaboration and a trained arborist will complete on a regular basis a Hazardous Tree Assessment to determine the existence and location of dead and diseased trees. These trees shall be left or cut in the discretion of the Forest and Watershed Committee. Bird and small critters will tell you that all dead trees are not necessarily bad trees. If cut, the trees should be left where felled or removed from the Common Property in the discretion of the Forest and Watershed Committee, it being understood that the over-riding philosophy of Brickyard Creek is to leave downed trees on the forest floor whenever possible to maintain a natural habitat for the animals and plant life.
Arborist Disclaimer: Trees can be managed but they cannot be controlled. To live near trees is to accept some degree of risk.
Approved and Recommended Trees, Shrubs, and Plants – BYC Forest and Watershed Committee
Sanitation and Recycling
The BYC Community is committed to the responsible disposal of garbage, including recycling. Association-provided dumpsters are located on the south side of Roy’s Point Boulevard, just east of Brickyard Creek Road. The dumpsters are for exclusive use of BYC residents and guests. Waste management is a significant portion of the association’s annual budget and therefore important that every effort is made to efficiently prepare items for disposal. Currently, summer pick-up for the trash dumpster is twice a week and recycling is once a week. In the off-season the trash is emptied every other week and the recycling once a month. Here are some guidelines for use of the dumpsters:
Paper and cardboard, metals, glass, and plastics are all accepted in the recycling dumpster. Please break-down all boxes to maximize space. Thank you!
Every-day household trash is accepted in the garbage dumpster. Construction material and waste, such as insulation, is not allowed. In addition, boat covering or other marina trash is not allowed. Roy’s Point Marina has dumpsters for boat material on the South side of their parking lot.
Opportunistic and intelligent, bears are common in our boreal forest. If the dumpster is not properly closed, bears will get in the trash. It is essential to use all three clips provided to properly close the dumpster and lock it down. If a bear is allowed to even reach in the dumpster and pull out trash bags they can become a problem bear. In addition, having the dumpsters properly closed will also help to keep out other smaller animals. Locking down the dumpster is both a safety and monetary issue. The clean-up can be extensive. Please read www.bearsmart.com for further information and tips.
The rental management company will remove both garbage and recycling after departure.
Park Service dumpsters are located next to their entrance and are for their exclusive use.
Brush Management and Brush Pick-Up Policy
The BYC Forest and Watershed Committee has been asked to create a policy and procedure for the disposal of brush and forest waste. It will be electronically distributed to the owners upon its completion. In the meantime, contact Dale Klubertanz, Forest and Watershed Committee Chair, if you have questions about what is appropriate, or not appropriate, for removal.
Contact Jeffery Garrett to make arrangements for pick-up of small amounts of small limb and other forest debris that may have fallen around your cabin.
Keeping Your Cottage Open in the Winter
The best way to avoid winter problems is to drain and shut down your cottage during the winter months. For those of you who do not plan to use your cottage during the winter, or plain to use it sparingly, we recommend draining and shutting down your cottage. For those of you who wish to keep your cottage open, and for those owners who rent their cottages during the winter months, we highly recommend that you contract with a care-taking service that is familiar with the unique characteristics of a Brickyard Creek cottage.
There are alternatives to shutting your cottage down for the entire winter. You may decide to enjoy the use of your cottage through New Year’s and close your cottage during the coldest months of January and February. Or you might close down and open your cottage periodically during the winter months. The costs of having a professional close and open your cottage are not prohibitive, i.e., approximately $80 per occurrence. This alternative may provide a sensible balance between use and the associated costs during winter months.
If you choose to keep your cottage open during the winter months, we reiterate our strong recommendation that you enter into a maintenance contract with a qualified local service or individual. We must remember that we are dealing with infrequently occupied cottages located in the north woods and maintaining interior heat at about 55 degrees, not a full time residence that is kept at 70 degrees. The maintenance contract should address general conditions such as storm cleanup, exterior repair, mechanical systems and interior repair, and, most importantly, frequent cold-weather inspections. Mike Wright’s company, Woodland Home Services, LLC, works closely with the Brickyard Creek Development team, is the Homeowners Association Property Management contractor, and currently provides care-taking and maintenance services to more than half of the cottages at Brickyard Creek. You can reach Mike at firstname.lastname@example.org, or at (715) 209-6415.
Published Brickyard Creek Cold Weather Departure Checklist
Even though our cottages are heated and insulated, environmental impact concerns and construction techniques used to accommodate those concerns give rise to the need for all cottage owners to take extra care during extreme cold conditions. Accordingly, if you wish to keep your cottage open during the entire winter months, it is absolutely essential that you or your representative strictly adhere to every item on the cold weather checklist. The checklist is a compilation of very useful recommendations borne from years of experience. EACH ITEM ON THE LIST IS IMPORTANT OR IT WOULDN’T BE THERE. SHOULD YOU HAVE A MAINTENANCE PERSON ATTENDING TO YOUR COTTAGE, THE CHECKLIST WILL BE A ROADMAP FOR HIS INSPECTIONS.
New Designs and Technology
As developers, we constantly continue to research new designs and materials that come into the marketplace. We have found three new preventative maintenance design and repair items for utilization at Brickyard Creek. We are incorporating these new procedures into new construction. Although implementation of one or more of these procedures may not be necessary provided that you strictly adhere to the procedures in the cold-weather checklist, you may wish to investigate their use in your cottage.
Before describing these new procedures, some background will be helpful. There are two areas in the cottage that are most vulnerable to water freeze-ups in the winter. The first is at the point where the water line comes out of the ground from the well into the cottage (the “Well Line”). The second is where the water line that furnishes water to the kitchen sink comes from the utility room and ultimately down through the outside wall in front of the wall insulation (the “Kitchen Line”). A Well Line problem should not be a factor in cottages that have bunkers. The Kitchen Line problem can affect cottages with or without bunkers. Interior water lines should not be a problem unless the cottage is not closed down and is left without heat.
With this background in mind, Well Line problems can be alleviated or solved by a new product manufactured by HEATLINE Corporation, a Canadian company. This product consists of an internal heating element that is flexible, fits into the Well Line (like a catheter), typically for a distance of 15 feet and plugs into an electrical outlet. This product has proven enormously successful in the Canadian Provinces and in Alaska where temperatures exceed our low temperatures by a wide margin. The Kitchen Line problem can be alleviated or solved by abandoning the present copper lines that are in the outside wall and running new lines inside the cottage through the cabinets. The exposure of the new copper lines will be minimal, mostly hidden by the refrigerator and cabinetry. Costs are approximately $500 for each procedure. If you wish for more information or are interested in one or more of the procedures, we recommend that you contact Mike Wright at (715) 209-6415. Mike is the only certified installer of Heatline products in Bayfield County, and he knows several plumbers who can bid for the Kitchen Line work.
The third upgrade you may want to consider for your cottage involves floor insulation. The newest cottages at Brickyard Creek utilize Icynene foam insulation, as opposed to the traditional fiberglass batten insulation. The Icycnene product is a far superior insulator, as it stops all air movement and it does not allow heat to radiate from the floor to the exposed underside of the cottage. Radiating heat is what attracts animals, many of which are small enough to squeeze through a hole left in the wire mesh by the cable guy or the fireplace installer. These animals, usually mice or squirrels, can do a tremendous amount of damage to insulation and electrical wiring. Additionally, bears and large raccoons can rip the wire mesh right out, and proceed to hibernate in the floor.
The Icynene foam is guaranteed by the installer to prevent this. For more information on Icynene insulation for your cottage, call Mike Wright at (715) 209-6415 or email him at email@example.com.
Conclusion for all Brickyard Creek Cottage Owners
Whether your plans are to keep the cottage open or shut for the winter, each cottage owner needs to maintain the mechanical systems that are part of the cottage. Because few of the owners live in their cottage full-time this is easily forgotten. Every cottage relies on a mechanical system to help prevent winter-time damage. Mechanical systems can and do eventually break down. A critical part of making sure your cottage functions properly over Lake Superior’s harsh winters is preventive maintenance. The cost of this is very small compared with the consequences.
Fall Checklist for all Brickyard Creek Cottage Owners
Check beneath the cottage for any possible screen and insulation damage by large critters.
Check to see that your Heat Line is plugged in. The Heat Line is the well line heater located in the mechanical closet. It is recommended that it be unplugged during the spring and summer because of possible shorting when lightning is near.
For those cottages with a forced air furnace or a boiler system, have those systems serviced each fall. Modern systems have become computerized and are complex. Servicing needs to be done by a professional.
For those cottages with a heater in the floor system, check to see that the heater is operating. These are the more recently built cottages without a broiler, furnace, or bunker. The heaters are accessible from an access panel in the mechanical closet. They are similar to the “toe-kick heater” in your kitchen and come on when the temperature drops.
For the cottages with bunkers, make sure the heater is operational.
Adopted in 2008; Updated 2012 and 2013